The Right Way to Shutdown Your Spring Boot App: A Step-by-Step Tutorial

In the world of software development, shutting down applications correctly is just as important as running them correctly. Spring Boot, a popular Java-based framework for building microservices, is no exception. A mismanaged shutdown of a Spring Boot application can lead to data corruption, loss of information, and other serious consequences. In this blog post, we’ll explore the right way to shutdown a Spring Boot application and why it’s so important.

Why is Correct Shutdown Important?

Correct shutdown is crucial in ensuring that your Spring Boot application exits in an orderly manner. This means that all resources are freed, data is saved, and any other critical operations are completed before the application terminates. Without a proper shutdown procedure, your application may end up in an inconsistent state, leading to data loss, corruption, or other unwanted consequences.

Steps to Correctly Shutdown a Spring Boot Application

There are several steps to follow in order to correctly shutdown a Spring Boot application. Let’s go over each one in detail.

Step 1: Stop Accepting Requests

The first step in shutting down a Spring Boot application is to stop accepting new requests. This can be done by setting a flag in your application that indicates that it is shutting down. Any new requests can then be rejected, and any ongoing requests can be completed before the next step.

Step 2: Flush Pending Requests

Once the application has stopped accepting new requests, the next step is to flush any pending requests. This involves waiting for any ongoing requests to complete and making sure that all data is saved before the next step.

Step 3: Close Resources

The next step is to close all resources that the application has open, such as file handles, database connections, and any other resources. This is done to ensure that these resources are freed up and are not left hanging, which can cause issues when the application restarts.

Step 4: Exit the Application

Finally, the application can be exited, either by calling System.exit() or by returning from the main method.

Example Code for Correctly Shutting Down a Spring Boot Application

Here is an example code for correctly shutting down a Spring Boot application in Java. This code uses the above steps and implements a simple shutdown hook that can be triggered by the operating system or by another process.

javaCopy codepublic class Main {

  private static volatile boolean running = true;

  public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
    Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread(Main::shutdown));

    while (running) {
      // application logic here

    System.out.println("Application shutting down");

  private static void shutdown() {
    running = false;

Additionally, it is also important to have proper testing in place to ensure that your shutdown procedure works as expected. This can be done by writing unit tests that simulate a shutdown scenario and checking that the application behaves as expected.

Another important aspect to consider is logging. During the shutdown process, it is important to log what is happening in order to diagnose any issues that may arise. This can be done using the standard Java logging framework or by using a third-party logging library.

It is also important to note that shutting down a Spring Boot application can be a complex task, especially if the application has multiple dependencies and interactions with other systems. In such cases, it may be necessary to implement a more sophisticated shutdown procedure that takes into account all of these dependencies and interactions.

One way to handle these complex shutdown scenarios is to use a service manager such as Apache ZooKeeper or Hashicorp’s Consul. These tools provide a centralized way to manage the lifecycle of services and can be used to coordinate the shutdown of multiple services in a correct and consistent manner.

In any case, whether you are working with a simple or complex system, it is crucial to have a well-defined and tested shutdown procedure in place. This will ensure that your applications exit cleanly and that any data or resources are properly freed up and saved.


In this blog post, we have explored the importance of correctly shutting down a Spring Boot application and the steps that need to be taken in order to do so. By following these steps, you can ensure that your Spring Boot application exits in an orderly manner and that all resources are freed up and data is saved before the application terminates. With this knowledge, you can now be confident in shutting down your Spring Boot applications in a correct way.