If you’re having trouble getting Spring Boot to automatically create your database schema, you’re not alone. Here’s a common issue and how to fix it. In this blog post, we’ll go over some common issues and how to fix them. As a Spring Boot developer, one of the most convenient features is the ability to automatically create the database schema based on your entities. However, sometimes this feature may not work as expected and you may encounter errors. In this post, we will discuss some common issues and how to troubleshoot the issue “Unable to get spring boot to automatically create database schema”.

Check the pom.xml file

First, make sure that you have the proper dependencies in your pom.xml file. You’ll need spring-boot-starter-data-jpa and a database driver, such as mysql-connector-java.

Configuration in application.properties file

Next, check that you have the following properties set in your application.properties or application.yml file:


The first property, spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto, is what tells Spring Boot to automatically create the schema. The second property is the url of the database you want to connect to, and the third and fourth properties are the username and password for that database.

Entity class with @Entity annotation

Also, make sure your entity class is annotated with @Entity and fields are annotated with @Column

You can check the sample code as below:

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Id;

public class Sample {
    private Long id;
    private String name;
    //getters and setters

Debugging log configuration

If you’ve double-checked all of these things and you’re still having trouble, try adding the following property to your application.properties or application.yml file:


This will turn on debug logging for the Hibernate tool that’s responsible for creating the schema, which can help you track down the problem.

Troubleshooting steps

In addition to the above troubleshooting steps, there are a few other things you can try if you’re still unable to get Spring Boot to automatically create your database schema.

  1. Check your entity classes: Make sure that your entity classes are correctly annotated with @Entity and that the fields are annotated with @Column. Also, ensure that you have a primary key defined with @Id annotation.
  2. Check your package structure: Make sure that your entity classes are in a package that is specified in the @EntityScan annotation.
  3. Check your database connection: Ensure that your database is running and that you can connect to it using the URL, username, and password specified in your application properties.
  4. Check your database user permissions: Make sure that the user specified in your application properties has the necessary permissions to create tables and schemas in the specified database.
  5. Check your Hibernate version: Spring Boot uses a specific version of Hibernate, so ensure that you have the correct version specified in your pom.xml file.
  6. Try to run your application with spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=update instead of create, This will create the tables if they don’t exist and update them if they are out of sync.
  7. Check your application log files: Spring Boot will log any errors or issues that occur during the schema creation process. Checking these log files can provide useful information about what’s causing the problem.
  8. Try to run the application in debug mode: This can help you understand the exact point of the error.


In conclusion, if you’re unable to get Spring Boot to automatically create your database schema, there are several things you can try to troubleshoot the issue. Make sure you have the proper dependencies, your database properties are set correctly, and that your entity classes are correctly annotated. Also, check your package structure, database connection, user permission, Hibernate version, and the application log files. If all else fails, try running the application in debug mode to understand the exact point of the error.

Leave a Reply