java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Could not resolve placeholder ‘message’ in value “${message}”

The spring boot application failed at startup with the exception “java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Could not resolve placeholder ‘message’. This exception is due to a simple discrepancy between application.properties and the spring boot annotation with in your code.

Spring boot application validates the @Value annotation in spring boot environments at Startup. If the value is not present, then it will throw this exception 

Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the conditions report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.
2020-01-23 18:44:44.723 ERROR 86175 --- [  restartedMain] o.s.boot.SpringApplication               : Application run failed

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'testController': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Could not resolve placeholder 'message' in value "${message}"
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:405) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1422) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:594) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:323) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:321) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:202) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:879) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:878) ~[spring-context-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:550) ~[spring-context-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.refresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:141) ~[spring-boot-2.2.4.RELEASE.jar:2.2.4.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:747) [spring-boot-2.2.4.RELEASE.jar:2.2.4.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:397) [spring-boot-2.2.4.RELEASE.jar:2.2.4.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:315) [spring-boot-2.2.4.RELEASE.jar:2.2.4.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1226) [spring-boot-2.2.4.RELEASE.jar:2.2.4.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1215) [spring-boot-2.2.4.RELEASE.jar:2.2.4.RELEASE]
	at com.yawintutor.SpringBootThymeleafApplication.main(SpringBootThymeleafApplication.java:10) [classes/:na]
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) ~[na:1.8.0_101]
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) ~[na:1.8.0_101]
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) ~[na:1.8.0_101]
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) ~[na:1.8.0_101]
	at org.springframework.boot.devtools.restart.RestartLauncher.run(RestartLauncher.java:49) [spring-boot-devtools-2.2.4.RELEASE.jar:2.2.4.RELEASE]
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Could not resolve placeholder 'message' in value "${message}"
	at org.springframework.util.PropertyPlaceholderHelper.parseStringValue(PropertyPlaceholderHelper.java:178) ~[spring-core-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.util.PropertyPlaceholderHelper.replacePlaceholders(PropertyPlaceholderHelper.java:124) ~[spring-core-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.core.env.AbstractPropertyResolver.doResolvePlaceholders(AbstractPropertyResolver.java:236) ~[spring-core-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.core.env.AbstractPropertyResolver.resolveRequiredPlaceholders(AbstractPropertyResolver.java:210) ~[spring-core-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.PropertySourcesPlaceholderConfigurer.lambda$processProperties$0(PropertySourcesPlaceholderConfigurer.java:175) ~[spring-context-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.resolveEmbeddedValue(AbstractBeanFactory.java:908) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1228) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1207) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:640) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:116) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:399) ~[spring-beans-5.2.3.RELEASE.jar:5.2.3.RELEASE]
	... 22 common frames omitted


Root Cause

Spring boot application validates the setup and properties before starting. The @Value annotation checks the configured key in the spring boot environment. If the value is not present, this exception will be thrown. The @Value annotation checks that the key remains in the properties files.



How to reproduce this issue

Create a local variable in the spring boot java class with an @Value annotation that does not exist in the application.properties file. In Startup, the spring boot application checks for the existence of the key in the application.properties file. This exception will be thrown as this key does not exist in the application.properties file. 

application.properties

welcome.message=Welcome to Yawin Tutor
package com.yawintutor;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;

@Controller
public class TestController {

    @Value("${message}")
    private String message;
    
    @GetMapping("/")
    public String welcome(Model model) {
    	System.out.println("Message from application.properties : "+message);
        return "welcome";
    }
}


Solution 1

In the spring boot java class, check the name of the configured key in the @Value annotation and compare it to the application.properties file. Change the name of the key as in the application.properties. The example below shows that the @Value annotation adjusts the name of the key as per the properties file

welcome.message=Welcome to Yawin Tutor
package com.yawintutor;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;

@Controller
public class TestController {

    @Value("${welcome.message}")
    private String message;
    
    @GetMapping("/")
    public String welcome(Model model) {
    	System.out.println("Message from application.properties : "+message);
        return "welcome";
    }
}


Solution 2

Check the application.properties file or system environment properties with the name of the key specified in the @Value annotation in the Java Spring Boot class. If the name of the property does not exist or varies from the required one, correct the name of the property key as per the java class. The Java key matches the property file key at startup to address this exception. 

message=Welcome to Yawin Tutor
package com.yawintutor;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;

@Controller
public class TestController {

    @Value("${message}")
    private String message;
    
    @GetMapping("/")
    public String welcome(Model model) {
    	System.out.println("Message from application.properties : "+message);
        return "welcome";
    }
}



Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *