OAuth2 is an authorization framework that enables applications to obtain limited access to user accounts on an HTTP service. It is used by many organizations to provide secure access to their APIs. In this blog post, we will discuss how to implement the Resource Owner flow in OAuth2 using Spring Boot.


Spring Boot is a widely used framework for building Java applications. It provides a lot of features out-of-the-box, making it easy to develop applications quickly. In this blog post, we will be focusing on how to secure a Spring Boot API using the Resource Owner flow in OAuth2.

OAuth2 provides four different authorization flows, and the Resource Owner flow is one of them. The Resource Owner flow is the simplest flow in OAuth2, and it’s suitable for applications that have a single user. The user provides their credentials to the application, and the application sends them to the authorization server to obtain an access token. The access token can then be used to access the protected resources.


Before we get started, you should have the following:

  1. Basic knowledge of OAuth2
  2. Basic knowledge of Spring Boot
  3. A development environment set up, including Java and Maven

Setting up the Project

Let’s start by creating a new Spring Boot project using the following command:

$ spring init --dependencies=web my-project

This will create a new Spring Boot project with the web dependency. We’ll also need to add the following dependencies to our pom.xml file:



Configuring OAuth2

Next, we’ll need to configure OAuth2. We’ll start by adding the following configuration to our application.yml file:

            client-id: my-client-id
            client-secret: my-client-secret
            authorization-grant-type: password
            scope: read,write
            authorization-uri: https://my-provider.com/oauth/authorize
            token-uri: https://my-provider.com/oauth/token
            user-info-uri: https://my-provider.com/oauth/user
        user-info-uri: https://my-provider.com/oauth/user

In this configuration, we are defining an OAuth2 client with an authorization-grant-type of password. This means that the client will use the Resource Owner flow to obtain an access token. The my-provider is the authorization server, and it provides the authorization-uri, token-uri, and user-info-uri endpoints.

Securing the API

Now that we have configured OAuth2, we can secure our API by adding the following annotation to our controller class:

public String getProtectedResource() {
    return "This is a protected resource";

This annotation ensures that only requests with a valid access token that has the read scope will be able to access the protected resource.

Obtaining an Access Token

Finally, we can obtain an access token by making a POST request to the /oauth/token endpoint with the following parameters:

  • grant_type: password
  • username: the username of the user
  • password: the password of the user
  • client_id: my-client-id
  • client_secret: my-client-secret

Here’s an example of how to obtain an access token using curl:

curl -X POST https://my-provider.com/oauth/token \
  -u my-client-id:my-client-secret \
  -d grant_type=password \
  -d username=user \
  -d password=password

This will return a JSON response that includes the access token, refresh token, and other information.


In this blog post, we have covered how to implement the Resource Owner flow in OAuth2 using Spring Boot. By securing your API using OAuth2, you can ensure that only authorized users have access to your protected resources. With this guide, you should now have a good understanding of how to secure a Spring Boot API using the Resource Owner flow in OAuth2.

If you have any questions or run into any issues, please feel free to reach out for help. Remember, OAuth2 can be a complex topic, and there are many nuances to consider when implementing it in a real-world scenario. However, by using Spring Boot, we have been able to greatly simplify the process and quickly get up and running with a secure API.

In future blog posts, we will explore other flows in OAuth2, such as the authorization code flow and the client credentials flow. We will also dive into more advanced topics such as customizing the authorization and token endpoints, adding support for multiple grant types, and integrating with external authentication systems.

For now, we hope this guide has been helpful in getting you started with implementing the Resource Owner flow in OAuth2 with Spring Boot. Happy coding!

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